The Immigration Issue in Libertarianism

By Per Bylund Over a decade ago, I wrote an article published at Mises.org on the libertarian immigration conundrum. The “conundrum” was the seemingly unbridgeable differences between, if not contradictory views of, the two libertarian answers to the immigration question. The point of the article was to show that these answers are more compatible than most libertarians tend to think; both, in fact, espouse the non-aggression principle, but they emphasize different aspects of it. Since then, however, the debate has become more polarized and it has more or less caused a rift within the libertarian movement. The two libertarian positions on immigration, put simply, are the classical libertarian position of “open borders” (“no borders” might be more accurate) and the more recent “cost-principle” or “property-rights” view, primarily seen in the works of Hans-Hermann Hoppe. The latter has over the past few years, at least partially as a reaction to the “mass immigration” crisis in Europe, gained a rather large following and, as a result, the debate has intensified. (Hoppe’s argument has also, in a twisted turn, legitimized the highly statist so-called “alt-right” movement, which strangely appears to have attracted many libertarians.)   Utopia versus realpolitik   The differences between the two positions is not about what a libertarian world would be like. Such a beautiful world would have no governments, so the issue of migration would purely be a matter of how owners of property, whether private or joint/collective, choose to use it. Migration is then a matter of buying property or getting permission by current owners to enter and reside on their land; movement would not be restricted, but use of another’s property would be. Such a world actually has none of the problems these two views try to solve. The conflict is instead one about how the libertarian …

Adventures in Uganda

By Marina Brierley Last February I had the privilege of attending a Liberty and Entrepreneurship camp in Uganda. Such an inspirational event – to meet so many ambitious, thoughtful young people interested and hungry for the ideas of Liberty. Many were from the University of Kisubi, near Kampala, where the event was held, but some from other Universities and a few even came from Kenya. Mugabi John Socrates (from ALED – Action for Liberty and Economic Development) and Adedayo Thomas were our dedicated hosts and organisers.   The Vice Chancellor welcomed us warmly, sympathetic to the ideas of freedom and prosperity that seemed to be popular in this successful private university. The theme of the ‘camp’ was “Free Enterprise and Morality” – so vital to show that there is an inherent link between both concepts. Talks by Andy on ‘Why freedom? Principles of the Free market’, ‘10 technologies that will change the world’ and ‘Essentials of Entrepreneurship’ were enthusiastically received. Adedayo spoke on ‘The Foundations of Africa’s Economy and political freedom’ with considerable passion and flair. I contributed with a talk on ‘Education in the developing world’ which led to some discussion on the situation in Uganda and concluded with a talk on ‘Human Progress’ showing the amazing achievements that have been accomplished in the world where-ever and whenever free trade and entrepreneurship were allowed to flourish.   Travelling around the country in the days prior to the camp (through Kampala and to Northern Uganda for a safari I could not resist) I had observed the land and its people. A congenial climate, fertile soil, in parts lush natural habitat but above all, a young, aspiring population eager to make their mark in the world. So much raw potential! Through discussion with new friends I learned that many had long since …

Albanian Rep, Mrs. Kozeta Cuadari-Cika, needs our help!

Our outstanding Albanian Rep, Mrs. Kozeta Cuadari-Cika, needs our help! She is undergoing chemotherapy for lymphoma in a Greek hospital, referred there because of the lack of suitable cancer treatment in Albania. The treatments are very expensive, costing over 3000 Euros each time. Her family does not have that kind of money. Kozeta became involved with Liberty International in 1999, while she was working for the free-market Albanian Center for Economic Research. She attended the LI World Conference in Dax, France in 2001, and has attended all of our subsequent European conferences until this year. Her illness forced her to cancel her participation in the Krakow conference. In 2014, Kozeta organized a fine LI World Conference in Tirana, Albania. She is a professional English teacher and translator, and has used her talent to translate and publish several libertarian books, many of which have been given to university students and at Liberty Camps. She has produced two Albanian editions of LI president Ken Schoolland’s The Adventures of Jonathan Gullible, plus Ayn Rand’s Anthem (see photo), Beyond Democracy by Frank Karsten, The Logic of Classical Liberalism by Jacques de Guenin, and The Free Market and Its Enemies by Ludwig von Mises. At the 2013 LI World Conference in Lausanne, Switzerland, Kozeta was given Liberty International’s Bruce Evoy Memorial Award for her outstanding work for liberty despite the difficult circumstances in Albania. In another example of her benevolent spirit, despite being of modest means, her family took in refugees during the 1990s Albanian civil war. Kozeta is a delightful lady, devoted wife and mother, and a dedicated libertarian. Please give her your most generous assistance. We use Stripe.com, one of the most secure and reputable payment processors available. We take the issue of your personal privacy very seriously. We pledge to never make …

#LIWC2018 – See what you missed!

by Freedom and Entrepreneurship Foundation This was probably the biggest and for sure the most international liberty-oriented event in Poland. Over 120 people from 24 countries met in Krakow to discuss freedom. Liberty International World Conference has just ended and we would like to give you taste of it. LIWC2018 was Liberty International’s event which was proudly hosted by Freedom and Entrepreneurship Foundation. It all started with Welcome Dinner on August 12th. It was launched with short speech of our CEO – Jacek Spendel – and Liberty International’s President – Ken Schoolland. This evening prepared us for what was ahead of us – three days full of lectures, panel discussions and networking. Second day started with great keynote speech by Lawrence Reed (http://fee.org). “Excuse me, Professor” was not only it’s topic but also the name of his book in which he challenged the myths of progressivism. Reed’s follower was Pedro Mutzig who talked about the perspectives for freedom in Brazil. This day was also full of Polish accents. Two panels where filled with liberty-oriented politicians, activists, scientists and entrepreneurs from Poland – among others: Jakub Kulesza (Kukiz’15), Grzegorz Piątkowski (Commissioner for Alumni Rights), Krzysztof Haładus (ex Deputy Mayor of the Sosnowiec city), Jan Wojciech Kubań (CEO of PAFERE). Additionally, Karol Zdybel (Center of Capitalism) gave a speech on changing landscape of ideas. August 14th started with David Schmidtz’s Reinventing Social Science. This speech had a special meaning for us since we have just published Polish translation of “A brief history of liberty” written by Schmidtz himself. We highly recommend you to read it because it’s great summary for anyone interested in these ideas. That day we listened also to Terry Easton’s “How to become a Millionaire in 4 days”. Easton gave a great advice for people who are lazy – just move out to Zimbabwe.  Later …

Far from civilisation, close to liberty!

 by Freedom and Entrepreneurship Foundation Not a conference hall, but a modest lunchroom in a distant village in Southern Poland was a venue of the latest meeting of liberty leaders from all around the world. People from all continents joined together during the Liberty English Camp, organized by the Language of Liberty Institute (LLI) and its local partner, the Freedom and Entrepreneurship Foundation (F&EF). It took over 2 hours of mundane commute with several transfers to reach the 1,000-people village of Ponikiew – where the camp took place – from Cracow. The travel might have been especially challenging for those from abroad, since drivers don’t speak English, card payments are not accepted and GSM connection is acting up frequently. Ponikiew, located far from main routes and even further from the nearest supermarket, has probably not seen so many foreigners since five years ago – when one of the previous editions of Liberty Camp was organized there! When Jacek Spendel – the CEO of F&EF and organizer of the camp – is asked what on Earth made him invite people from all around the world to such place, he answers confidently: – We simply wanted to offer people something different than another conference. Formal events like conferences are important indeed, but I, as well as many of my friends, strongly felt that there is also a demand for more casual ventures. And Liberty English Camps, organized internationally since over a decade by LLI and its partners, are satisfying this demand. Despite difficult logistics, over 40 people from places such as Japan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Australia, USA or Luxembourg came to Ponikiew to discuss liberty, listen to lectures, and network – all in the informal setting of barbeques, beach volleyball and charming hills of the Polonia Minor region in Poland. The recruitment efforts …

The Brazilian Hero Who Died With the Word ‘Liberty’ on His Lips

By Pedro Mutzig Two hundred and one years ago, Domingos José Martins was shot in Recife, the capital of Pernambuco, a Northeastern state in Brazil. His last words, interrupted by his executioners, were “I die for liber…”. His freedom of speech assaulted in the last moments of life, he was unable to finish the word “liberty.” A Freer Brazil Domingos José Martins is one of many heroes who struggled to promote liberty and helped shaped the history of Brazil in the process. A more prosperous, free and fair society was his ideal. His story illustrates that the current upsurge of Brazilians’ interest in freedom and free markets is neither an isolated nor an unprecedented phenomenon. What we are seeing today is a revival of ideas rooted deep in our society. It’s important for liberty’s defenders to go back in history and look for individuals who are examples of courage, integrity and heroism. They can inspire us to act with even more confidence. For that very purpose, I present the Domingos José Martins story here, with particular attention to the the social context of his time. He was a key figure in one of the greatest popular mobilizations of our colonial period: the Pernambucana Revolution. The Life of Domingos José Martins Domingos José Martins was born in Marataízes in the Atlantic coastal state of Espírito Santo in 1781. His father commanded a small outpost of the Brazilian military, which served to prevent the clandestine landing of slaves and to protect travelers from indigenous attacks. When he completed his brief military career, he commenced business studies in the state capital of Vitória (the town where I live today), later completing his academic education in Portugal. After graduation he moved to London as an employee of the Portuguese firm, Dourado Dias & Carvalho. …

Liberty International Members Support Free Markets in Venezuela

Liberty International members are always hard at work supporting liberty activists around the world.  This week Dr. Kyle Varner and Matthew Bowler joined with the Mises-Mambi Institute to sponsor Luis Fernando Ojeda, a very prolific liberty activist in Venezuela to attend an important liberty-oriented conference in Chile. Dr. Varner, Liberty International Board Member remarked, “Freedom and capitalism are under assault throughout Latin America, but the spirit and dedication that Venezuelan liberty activists demonstrate in the face of some of the most brutal statist oppression is a strong inspiration.  I’m proud to support freedom and free markets in Venezuela!” Luis Fernando Ojeda is a heavy hitter in Venezuela’s liberty movement. He’s the Aragua state coordinator for the opposition party Vente Venezuela and the mastermind behind Infolitics, which is one of the most popular libertarian publications in the Spanish speaking world. Foundation for Progress Chile invited Luis to their upcoming conference in Valparaiso on August 2. Dr. Varner and Mr. Bowler are pleased to have been able to make his attendance possible, and both look forward to more support for the Venezuelan Liberty movement in the future.

#TaxationIsTheft in Mumbai

By Jaimine Bezboznik I got to know about libertarianism on facebook (aka fascistbook). Yes, that’s the power of social media. I was introduced to this ideology in 2010. I followed blogs on Mises inst. and Ron Paul’s speeches since then. I was a marxist, when I was learning about libertarianism through autodidactic mode. Fortunately, I kept my “mind open and mouth closed” while reading the literature. I also came across your work “The adventures of Jonathan Gullible” which won my heart. The philosophy of taxation actually garnered my attention. It was critical. I disagreed it initially because I wasn’t aware of any post-taxation literature. Regular discussions on facebook and twitter with libertarian folks like Barun Mitra and others helped me to conclude that “it is a theft”. As of now, it’s just me who is openly and vocally promoting #TaxationIsTheft in India. I did few podcasts too, specially with western libertarians. India is very far from reaching the outskirts of liberty, in my view. Vocationally, I am a faculty based in Mumbai. I teach my students to think like a libertarian because they are “socialists by default”. I have paid price for it, in my profession, because I never allowed my class to touch the books of Keynes. I haven’t lost hope yet. My objective in life is to not just see people living freely but also acting freely. I love to counter-indoctrinate people and emancipate them. I have been applying to work with libertarian org. so that I can do things in a better way. On facebook, my video reached 30,600 views, and, on youtube, it is at 4700 views. Didn’t expect this much, when the idea isn’t so popular as marxism. Check my social experiment on the same:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nlMRX0NCBE&t=4s Most of the views on video were critical and cynical because it’s a world ruled by …

Free Speech Under Siege

by Jarret B. Wollstein How the rise of censorship and violent political correctness threatens democracy, diversity, and your freedom  “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”   – Voltaire “The thought police are watching you. If you say the ‘wrong thing’ you could lose your job or you could rapidly end up in court. Michael Snyder, “20 Outrageous Examples That Show How Political Correctness is Taking Over America,” Thetruthwins.com   In the U.S. and throughout the world, free speech is under siege. At risk are our ability to speak truth to power, our freedom to create and pursue our vision of a good life, the right to report and reform abuses of power, and our freedom. The threat is global, but in this essay, I will focus on the growing assaults on free speech in the United States. Free Speech is Essential for Every Free & Prosperous Society No right is more fundamental and important then freedom of speech. Without freedom of speech you can’t communicate your ideas and feelings, decry a social injustice, pursue an artistic vision, challenge prevailing “wisdom,” contradict establishment media, investigate scientific truth, expose corruption, practice a religion, protest police brutality, oppose war, or criticize government. If freedom of speech is destroyed, self-development is crippled, social progress grinds to a halt, and official lies become the only “truth.” Free speech is essential for every free, progressive and prosperous society. Censorship: The Handmaiden of a Police State Censorship is the use of force or intimidation to control what you can say, read, or see. The greatest threat to free speech is government, which has a monopoly on legalized force and the power to shut down publishers, arrest dissenters, ban books, control media, and imprison or destroy any …

Open Borders: Trade, Migration, Entrepreneurship, And Prosperity

By Ken Schoolland For good reason people ask how nations can become more prosperous. Usually the start is “Why is there poverty?” But the real question should be “Why is there wealth?” Poverty is the natural condition of all peoples of the world throughout history. Only in the past couple hundred years have we seen an astounding rise in the amount of wealth per person in some countries while others still languish in ancient poverty. The Fraser Institute of Canada approaches this question with the Economic Freedom of the World Index (EFW), analyzing conditions that give people incentives. In other words, what conditions allow people to benefit most from the creativity and work that produces wealth? They look annually at (1) tax rates, (2) legal protections for contracts and property, (3) inflation that undermines sound money, (4) openness of trade, and (5) regulatory restrictions. Hong Kong, Singapore, and New Zealand typically rank at the top, while Myanmar, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe are often at the bottom. North Korea would probably be dead last if any data could be gathered. Nations in the top quadrants produce much more wealth per capita, higher growth rates, higher literacy, and lower rates of infant mortality than nations at the bottom. Growth matters. Brazil, with all of its resources, increased wealth per capita fourfold from 1950 to 2000. Hong Kong, with a lot of people in a small space and no natural resources, increased wealth per capita 36-fold in the same period of time. Hong Kong is now one of the wealthiest places in the world per capita, richer than Great Britain, its former colonial ruler. China is coming up the EFW ranking to 107 out of 144 countries, but it still ranks below Sri Lanka at 100 in 2010. So how could China have had such …