What is the Index?
Wage gains, distance, and migration policies are the main determinants of migration processes worldwide. However, the latter determinant is poorly studied in terms of its impact on the time and monetary costs that a work migrant must bear on a migration path. The International Work Migration Index is a comprehensive analytical tool designed to address this issue with a particular focus on bureaucratic procedures. The Index measures costs of each step of the work migration process across time and monetary dimensions.
Who can use the Index?
- Work migrants by making a balanced decision based on more accurate costs-benefit analysis of migration options
- Government policy-makers by analyzing bottlenecks in bureaucratic procedures, comparing migration costs relative to other countries
- Research institutions and organizations by conducting research on migration policies effectiveness
- Employers by determining the official steps and documents required
when hiring a foreign employee
Live online launch event, featuring notable figures such as:
Per Bylund, Bryan Caplan, Tom G. Palmer, Jacek Spendel, Dmytro Lyvch, and Kate Shapovalenko.
- Considering the skilled migrant cases alone, bureaucratic procedures account for up to 60% of the total time costs of the migration path (for optimistic values) for Ukraine and Poland, and up to 90% for Canada.
- In all cases, indirect time costs that represent waiting time account for more than 94% of the total time costs of bureaucratic procedures.
- While in Poland and Ukraine cases (involving skilled migrants) direct monetary costs account for around 33-48% of total monetary costs (for optimistic values), in Canada, such costs could take up to 65%.
Click below to download the detailed analysis
Total time costs
Direct time costs
Time a migrant spends on fulfilling certain action in the migration process.
- Market search | Time spent to look up for the relevant information.
- Travel | Time spent on going anywhere to complete a required action.
- Payment | Time spent to conduct the payment action.
- Submission | Time spent on documents submission.
- General | Time spent on actions that are not covered by the other direct time cost categories.
Indirect time costs
Waiting time that a migrant must bear as a result of third parties’ actions.
- Waiting time arising from public institutions’ actions | Arise from actions not dependent on a migrant but rather depend on a particular public institution.
- Waiting time arising from private organizations’ actions | Waiting time that the migrant must bear as a result of private organizations’ actions.
Direct monetary costs
Direct monetary costs are expenses of a migrant which are direct payments within certain steps.
Indirect monetary costs
Migrant’s lost opportunity – earnings that a migrant would have obtained in case of pursuing current job instead.
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